The patient indicates an acceleration

an increase in hair growth. Greatly losing hair that are worn out and lomive. Nails have deterioration, lomivé and grooved. This can happen even the loss of eyebrows on outer side of the cheeks.On the face you can sometimes see hot rudnutí. The language of the patient is smooth and bright red. If the cause of the disease Basedowova disease, as a rule, is exoftalmus (vystoupnutí the eye from the orbit), which can be so pronounced that the patient is not in a state of sleep, dovřít ever. Exoftalmus should zmnozen tissue in the eye bulby. The patient often describes feeling as if his eye wrap, sand. Sometimes it happens even, double vision and increased sensitivity to light. There is renewed luster eyes, decreased frequency of blinking and lacrimation.

On the peripheral parts of the body

usually significant swelling (edémy).Common symptom is muscle adynamie or muscle weakness that the patient may cause significant difficulties with walking the stairs or get up from the squats. Appears mostly on the muscles of the buttocks and thighs. Hands are and well be felt a soft vibration.The patient has palpitations and often complain of an unpleasant and strong heart beats, is called a shiver. General disorders of heart rhythm (paroxysmální tachycardia, atrial fibrillation). Blood pressure high and fluctuates between the upper and lower large value.In women there may be menstrual irregularities, as less frequent menstruation (oligomenorea) or the disappearance of menstrual periods (amenorrhea). During pregnancy are more prone to abortion, and therefore, while it is the right treatment necessary.

Risk factors of hyperthyroidism

The risk of hypothyroidism is higher in people who have a family or personal history of thyroid disease.At risk are considered to be women over the age of fifty years. People who have strumu (enlarged thyroid gland), hyperthyroidism is much more common.One cannot underestimate the presence of autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes and celiac disease.

Treatment of thyrotoxicosis

The right treatment depends on the cause that the disease causes. In the event that the hyperthyroidism is the result of inflammation, they only need to treat the symptoms of the disease because increased function is only temporary, and after zaléčení will return to normal.An important role is played here quiet therapy, the patient avoids increased mental and physical. Not recommended alcohol, black coffee, baths and sunbathing.If the cause of the disease Basedowova disease, drug therapy should.Treatment begins with high doses tyreostatickych the drugs gradually reduced, depending on the patient’s condition and laboratory studies. If necessary, first, they also add drugs called betablokatory. For the normalization of thyroid function can be expected after 2-3 months. Treatment, however, it is necessary to observe at least 12-18 months.If you are unable to cope with the disease only with medication, you need to approach chirurgickému decisions s the removal of the thyroid gland (thyroid gland). After this performance is enough thyroid hormone and should celoživotně to replace.This surgery should also be considered in individuals with diabetes as well. type or other autoimmune disorders in patients with excessive strumou, women planning pregnancy, or in humans, where we expect more prolonged, excessive stress. After the surgery can be prescribed by a doctor Spa treatment.

Sometimes therapy is radioactive iodine. Radioactive iodine of the thyroid gland, resulting in its external radiation. This therapy is quite safe alternative to surgery, but it is not suitable for pregnant women. For proper diagnosis and treatment of the patient must be properly investigated. The doctor will be concerned if the patient or his relatives, not related to whether a violation of the thyroid gland. Further, it is important to know if the patient is suffering from autoimmune diseases (diabetes, celiac disease) or if he in the past did not underwent radiation therapy of the neck or upper chest.


Symptoms of hyperthyroidism: palpitations, anxiety, increased appetite, fatigue, a feeling of warmth, high blood pressure, swelling, muscle weakness, bulging eyes, euphoria, nervousness, hyperactivity, rapid pulse, increased lacrimation, tremor, increased hair growth on the body, hair loss, grooved nail, diarrhea, liquid language, violations of concentration of attention, sweating, white spots on the skin, mood disorders, insomnia, menstrual disorders, hoarseness, cut out mesh.

Description of hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a fairly common condition in which the thyroid gland produces an increased amount of hormones (thyroxine and trijodtyroxinu) than your body needs. The disease affects about 2% of the adult population and more women than men. In the case of this disease, as a rule, in most cases, the visible enlargement of the thyroid gland. If there is a sharp increase of symptoms, the condition is called tyreotoxicka crisis. Cause of thyrotoxicosis may be multiple, and affect and the severity of the disease and its treatment. Causes of hyperthyroidis. This disease has three main causes. First, it is Basedowova (or Gravesova-Basedowova) of the disease. It is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system begins to produce special antibodies that cause the thyroid gland to the above actions. This reason is also called “diffuse toxic goiter with exoftalmem” due to its expression (see below in the text).

Another reason is nodozni toxic goiter. Nodozni goiter is the name for the condition when the thyroid gland is enlarged and there are nodes (adenomas), but its function has not been violated. Sometimes, but in repose the nodules become active and cause increased hormonal activity. The exact reasons for this change are not yet fully known.The third reason is defined as a exogenous drug for hyperthyroidism, which is a relatively rare cause. There high doses of thyroid hormone applied for therapeutic purposes. Thus, it is the most of overdose in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Overactive thyroid gland can occur even in acute or chronic autoimunitnim inflammation, but this condition is only temporary.

Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism

The symptoms of the disease depend on the age and condition of the patient and the amount of hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Hormones here is some General acceleration of the body. In General we can say that in older people they are less visible.The patient suffers from sometimes very rapid changes and mood disorders. Often in a euphoric mood. As a rule, restless, anxiety, fear plactivy, very bad focus, and sometimes makes that useless, involuntary movements.Suffer from disorders of sleep and tired. After talking with this person you notice that they talk fast, works with hyperactivity impression, and his voice can ignore.

As a rule, the patient suffers from diarrhoea which is a consequence of the fast of the bowel. In spite of increased appetite, reduced weight.People with this disease likes warm, often complain of a feeling of warmth. Their skin is warm, opocená and blushed.Usually described and dermografismus that is a condition when after issuing tupého object on the skin is a significant zbělení, so that you can on the skin as if “to write”. The skin may appear white spots (vitiligo), lacking natural pigment